The U.S. faces a historically tight labor market with two job openings for every one unemployed person – the tightest ratio ever recorded-with even greater demand in STEM industries. As part of a three-state coalition, C2C researchers helped develop a training and career pathway for marginalized workers in the biopharma manufacturing and clean tech industries and will study the effectiveness of such programs to reduce unemployment for low-income populations.

Policy Relevant Articles

    • Viewpoint: Expanding workforce access in the biotech industry. Boston Business Journal​.
      • This article details how creating a bio manufacturing hub in New England would not only grow the industry itself but expand job opportunities and further the overall economy of the region. The author highlights the BioConnects New England coalition as a trailblazer for supporting biotech infrastructure. 
    • Pathways to Economic Mobility: Identifying the Labor Market Value of Community College in Massachusetts. The Boston Foundation​.
      • This report provides a thorough contribution to the debate surrounding community college’s role in battling structural inequality by providing an easily accessible pathway to economic mobility. 
    • Untapped: Redefining Hiring in the New Economy. Office of Workforce Development, City of Boston​.
      • This report analyzes the disconnect between the skills that employers desire and the skills that both BA and non-BA workers have to offer. It provides several recommendations for closing this gap and taking full advantage of the current available workforce. 
    • Childcare is a Business Issue. Harvard Business Review.
      • This article explains how childcare and access to it is something that all employers should see as a business issue, as opposed to a family issue. By offering high-quality childcare to employees, businesses not only develop positive relationships with their staff, but also lessen the chance of losing staff to more competitive offers. 
    • When the Economy Is Good, Employers Demand Fewer Credentials. Harvard Business Review.
      • The research done in this article suggests that during recessions, employers increase skill requirements because of an influx of highly-skilled laborers on the job market. The failure to decrease these requirements as the economy begins to recover leads to higher unemployment rates, such as the ones seen after the Great Recession. 
    • The Importance of Middle-Skill Jobs. Issues in Science and Technology, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine.
      • This article emphasizes the importance of jobs for middle-skill workers, who are defined as those with post-secondary education, but no four-year college degree. It argues that middle-skill jobs must not upskill, so as not to disengage the middle-skill workforce population.
  • How private sector summer employment programs are expanding benefits for young people. Brookings Institution​.
    • Summer youth employment is more than just keeping kids busy for the sake of reducing crime, this article highlights the positive academic, social, and professional effects of private sector summer employment programs, while providing guidance on how and why cities should adopt SYEPs.
  • Employers need to support summer jobs. Boston Business Journal​.
    • This article provides statistical analysis of Boston’s SYEP and its successes, using the data to encourage private sector employers to participate in them. To further encourage these employers’ participation, the article addresses and assuages common concerns about SYEP participation.
  • An Evaluation of the Boston Youth Credit Building Initiative: Final Report. Office of Financial Empowerment, City of Boston​.
    • This release by Northeastern University’s Dukakis Center for Public Policy describes the Boston Youth Credit-Building Initiative funded by the same center, its successes, and positive outcomes for youth. Spurred by a concern about a lack of savings among the general public, the program aimed to educate youth about and help them to create positive credit. Immediately following the program, participants were 10% more likely to have access to credit-building tools/techniques than their peers and 26% more likely in the following year and a half.

Peer Reviewed Publications

    • No Longer Qualified? Changes in the Supply and Demand for Skills within Occupations. Federal Reserve Bank of Boston​.
      • Noting significant changes in job requirements after the Great Recession, this publication investigates the causes of these changes and their implications. Researching three sectors, high-, medium-, and low-skill work, this study found that upskilling occurred in all three, potentially slowing recovery from the 2008 Recession.
    • The Childcare Industry in New England. Global Resilience Institute.​
      • This report investigates the impact that Covid-19 had on the childcare industry in New England. It finds that not only did the pandemic cause major closures for childcare providers around the country, but it created lasting uncertainty for working parents who need childcare to maintain an income. It offers several policy recommendations, such as directing PPP loan dollars towards the childcare industry. 
    • Exploring augmented reality for worker assistance versus training. Advanced Engineering Informatics.
      • This paper explores how augmented reality (AR) could be used in workplace training, as well as in supporting both manual and semi-automatic manufacturing tasks. It finds that overall, the use of AR leads to a significant decrease in error compared to typical instruction. 
    • Upskilling: Do Employers Demand Greater Skill When Workers Are Plentiful? Review of Economics and Statistics.​
      • By utilizing a database of online job postings, this study finds that greater skill was demanded of workers during the Great Recession, especially in states where the supply of available workers was more plentiful. The study finds 18% to 25% of the increase in skill requirements between 2007 and 2010 can be accounted for by the increase of worker availability during the Great Recession. 
    • Downskilling: Changes in Employer Skill Requirements Over the Business Cycle. Labour Economics.
      • This study explains how employer skill requirements fell in the job market between 2010 and 2014 due to an improving labor market after the Great Recession.